Before you purchase this product, I have a few tips & tricks for you! 1. After confirming your order, immediately purchase a dozen extra bolts as you will inevitably strip all of those included. 2. Go see your local anger management counselor prior to receiving the product at your doorstep. 3. Upon receipt of boxes (which will arrive on separate, random days), recycle all associated instructions. They cannot help you. 4. Make sure and pray to xxxxx before constructing the futon, as he is obviously the mastermind behind this nightmare. 5. Hire your sworn enemy to assemble the frame for a reasonable wage and watch him/her go insane helplessly attempting to bolt together each poorly manufactured piece. 6. Take Monday off. You'll need it for recovery. As you can probably tell, I have a passionate love/hate relationship with this futon. I consider myself an experienced furniture assembler and this was without a doubt an absolute debacle... However, for the price it looks great and is quite comfortable once the mattress is broken in. Good luck.